Obstetrics and Gynecology Treatment

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Obstetrics and Gynecology


Obstetrics deal with caring for pregnant women, unborn baby, labor, delivery and the period of time immediately after delivery. Various complications can occur during pregnancy, like ectopic pregnancy, when the embryo is in fallopian tube, problems with placenta, high blood pressure of the mother which may lead to a dangerous condition called pre-eclampsia.

Obstetricians are trained to deliver babies through emergency or planned caesarian section. After delivery, the obstetrician focuses on the welfare of child and mother ensuring that both of them make a successful transition into daily life.


Usually, gynecologists are obstetricians too. Gynecologists treat all aspects of women’s reproductive system, from the time of puberty to menopause and after that. Gynecologists perform PAP smear test and pelvic exam annually. Gynecs helps women if there is any discomfort in breasts, pain, infection in uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina, cervix. Gynecologists assist with contraception and infertility as well.


Obstetrics concentrates on pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum problems. Obstetricians make fetal assessments, find out number of fetuses, conduct ectopic pregnancy evaluation etc.
Obstetricians can stimulate labor in women due to fetal distress, eclampsia, malfunction of the placenta, shoulder dystocia, uterine rupture, prolapsed cord, obstetrical hemorrhage and Puerperal Sepsis. They can induce pregnancy by the use of some medications and hormones or by rupturing amniotic membrane.


Urogynecology is a subspecialty of gynecology and urology. It is known as Female Pelvic Medicine as well as Reconstructive Surgery. Urogynecologist treats problems associated with the dysfunction of pelvic floor and the bladder. These disorders could be urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse.

Gynecological Endoscopy

Gynecological Endoscopy is a field where optical instruments which are specially designed to diagnose common gynecological disorders as well as pathologies. This includes some types of infertility problems, minor vaginal hemorrhages/endometrial polyps and so on.

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